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J. Electromagn. Eng. Sci > Volume 15(1); 2015 > Article
Journal of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science 2015;15(1):44-52.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5515/JKIEES.2015.15.1.44   
Worst-Case Estimate of Envelope Correlation Coefficient for Small MIMO Mobile Antennas Below 1 GHz
Xing Zhao, Jinpil Tak, Jaehoon Choi
Department of Electronics and Computer Engineering, Hanyang University
A worst-case estimate of an envelope correlation coefficient (ECC) is obtained for small multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) mobile antennas operating below 1 GHz. The worst-case estimate is numerically derived in this paper using spherical and exponential wave functions. The derived result confirms that the worst-case ECC can be easily obtained from the rotation angle between the radiation patterns of two MIMO elements, which are attained directly from the amplitude of 2D electric field patterns without any additional phase and polarization information. As a practical example, MIMO mobile antennas with different antenna element arrangements are compared to verify the validity of the proposed worst-case estimate. Moreover, based on these analyses, we also suggest an effective approach to reduce the ECC of a small MIMO mobile antenna operating below 1 GHz by properly locating the antenna elements to make the radiation patterns perpendicular to each other.
Key words: ECC, MIMO Systems, Mobile Antenna, Pattern Diversity, Radiation Pattern


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