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J. Electromagn. Eng. Sci > Volume 9(3); 2009 > Article
Journal of the Korean Institute of Electromagnetic and Science 2009;9(3):111-117.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5515/JKIEES.2009.9.3.111   
Exact BER Expression of 2-1-1 Relaying Scheme in Wireless Sensor Networks
Hyung-Yun Kong
Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Ulsan
This paper presents an energy-efficient and bandwidth-efficient 2-1-1 relaying scheme in which a sensor node(SN) assists two others in their data transmission to a clusterhead in WSNs(Wireless Sensor Networks) using LEACH (Low-Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy). We derive the closed-form BER expression of this scheme which is also a general BER one for the decode-and-forward cooperative protocol and prove that the proposed scheme performs the same as the conventional relaying scheme but obtains higher channel utilization efficiency. A variety of numerical results reveal the relaying can save the network energy up to 11 dB over single-hop transmission at BER of $10^{-3}$.
Key words: LEACH, Relaying Scheme, WSN
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